The terms 'Old English' and 'New English' emerged in the seventeenth century to distinguish between the descendants of the Anglo-Norman settlers and the officials, soldiers, planters and other settlers who came during the Elizabethan period and later.

1556 Leix-Offaly Plantation 
1586 Munster Plantation 
1609 Ulster Plantation 
1610-21  Plantations in Wexford, Leitrim, Longford and parts of Offaly and Laois
1652 The Cromwellian land settlement begins
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