Year Ireland UK  
1800 Act of Union.    
1825 William Thompson & Anna Wheeler, Appeal on behalf of one half the human race, women..    
    Great Reform Bill. Prosperous middle- class men may vote. Words ‘male person’ inserted in the Bill. 1832
    Reign of Queen Victoria. 1837-1901
1838 Poor Law (Ireland) Act.    
    Talfourd’s Act. A married woman can apply to a court for custody of her children under 7, if separated from her husband.  1839
1841 Census. Irish population 8,175,124.    
    A married woman can control her own property if deserted or separated. 1857
1845 Great Famine begins.    
    First of Contagious Diseases Acts. 1864
    Nearly all middle class men can vote. J.S. Mill’s amendment to include women defeated. 1867
    J.S. Mill publishes On the subjection of women. 1869
    Married Women’s Property Act. A married woman can keep her own earnings. 1870
1872 Isabella Tod founds Northern Ireland Society for Women’s Suffrage.    
    Secret Ballot Act. 1872
1876 Anna & Thomas Haslam found Dublin Women's Suffrage Association, later IWSLGA.    
1878 Intermediate Education Act provides new opportunities in education for women.    
1879 Royal University Act. Higher education for women.    
1881 Ladies’ Land League founded.    
    Married Women’s Property Act. A married woman can own and control her own property as if she were a single woman. 1882
  Royal University grants first degrees to women in Ireland. All male householders may vote. 1884
    A married woman can apply for custody of her children up to the age of 21.

Contagious Diseases Acts repealed after long campaign by Josephine Butler and others.
1890 First women graduate from Royal College of Surgeons in Dublin.    
1893 Gaelic League founded; men and women admitted on equal terms.    
1896 Women can be elected as Poor Law Guardians.    
1898 Local Government Act. Women can be elected to some local councils.    
1899 85 women elected as Poor Law Guardians.    
1900 Queen Victoria visits Ireland.
Patriotic Children’s Treat and foundation of Inghínidhe na hÉireann.
1905 Sinn Féin founded.    
1908 Bean na hÉireann, Ireland’s first women’s paper, published by Inghínidhe na hÉireann.

Irish Women’s Franchise League founded.
1911 Irish Women’s Workers’ Union founded.    
1912 Home Rule Bill introduced to House of Commons.

Women's Suffrage Bill defeated.
1913 Ulster Volunteer Force founded.
Dublin lock-out.
Irish Citizen Army founded.
Irish Volunteers founded.
1914 Larne gun-running.
Howth gun-running.
Cumann na mBan founded.
Irish Volunteers split.
World War I begins.
Home Rule Bill suspended.
1916 Easter Rising and executions of leaders.   1916
1917   Representation of the People Act. Women over 30 with property qualifications may vote. 1917
1918 Threat of conscription in Ireland.
General election; women over 30 may vote for parliament for the first time.
Sinn Féin gain huge majority of seats.
World War I ends.
General election in UK; women over 30 may vote for parliament for the first time.
1919 Dáil Éireann meets for the first time.
Soloheadbeg ambush.
Anglo-Irish War (War of Independence) begins.
Dáil Éireann declared illegal.
1920 Black and Tans arrive in Ireland.
Local Government elections; Sinn Féin majority.
Sectarian riots in Belfast.
Terence MacSwiney dies on hunger strike.
‘Bloody Sunday’ at Croke Park.
Government of Ireland Act sets up Six-County parliament for Northern Ireland.
Similar provision for South was irrelevant now.
1921 Truce and Anglo-Irish Treaty.    1921
1922 Dáil Éireann accepts the Treaty.
Cumann na mBan rejects the Treaty.
Irish Civil War begins. Irregulars occupy the Four Courts.
Irish Free State comes into force.
1923 Civil War fighting ends.    



contents index