Ireland was ruled directly from Westminster from 1800 to 1922.
During the nineteenth century, several non-militant groups had been formed in Ireland to demand votes for women. They included the Irish Women's Suffrage and Local Government Association (IWSLGA) founded by Anna and Thomas Haslam.
Progress in Ireland was slower than in the UK; the British government gave Local Government franchise to English women long before Irish women.
Considerable contact took place between suffrage groups in Ireland and those in the UK - and even in the USA and places further afield.
Women were increasingly more aware, better educated, better read and some by now were university graduates.